Boretto Gabriella Margherita Degree in Geological Sciences at the University of Córdoba, Argentina, master's degree in Geological Sciences at the University of Turin, and Ph.D. in Geological Sciences at the University of Córdoba, Argentina. Current position: research fellow at the Institute of Polar Sciences of the National Research Council (CNR-ISP) in Bologna. Previously, assistant researcher at Centro de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Tierra (CICTERRA)-Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), in Córdoba, Argentina.
Currently, her research aimed study the Atlantification phenomenon in the polar-subpolar environment of the Arctic Ocean linked to climate change during the last millennium, considering multi-proxy methodology through the analysis of benthic foraminifera, sedimentological and geochronological studies, biomarkers, and stable isotopes. Project PRIN-2022CCRN7R.
Earlier, her research concerned palaeoenvironmental and climatic reconstructions along the Patagonian Atlantic coastal sector (variation of sea level) during the Quaternary, and the central Argentine region, through sedimentological, geochemical, malacological, geomorphological, and geoarchaeological analyses. During 2020-2021 she obtained a research fellowship at the Research Institute for Hydrogeological Protection (CNR-IRPI) in Padua to carry out research activities within the ITAT SEDINOUT program, development of a risk management methodology by evaluating the availability of sediment sources in the high mountains (Dolomite Alps, Veneto region). In addition, she carried out teaching activities at the University of Córdoba and the University of Tucuman (Argentina), participated in science communication, and in several interships as in the University of Kiel, Germany (coastal classification for the evaluation of potential sea level rise through geoecological services); at the Institute of Geosciences, University of Potsdam, Germany (analysis of geodiversity through remote sensing). She is an author and co-author in several scientific publications (articles, book chapters and books).

Cairns Warren I'm an analytical chemist specialised in trace elemental analysis, and trace element speciation studies. My goals include determining the role, fate and toxic effects of heavy metals in the environment and their impact on humanity. Recently I have been concentrating on mercury, it's atmospheric concentrations and presence in snow, ice and ground water, with particular emphasis on deposition phenomena. I have participated in 2 Antarctic Expeditions to Concordia Station and am the Italian National Expert on the POPs and Mercury Expert Groups of AMAP, the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program as well as on the Arctic Contaminants Action Program (ACAP).
I have co-authored over 64 publications and I am a writer for the Atomic Spectrometry Updates Environmental Analysis review of the Royal Society of Chemistry. I obtained my degree in Environmental Chemistry from the University of East Anglia, followed by an M.Sc in Analytical Chemistry, I obtained my Ph.D from the University of Plymouth in 1996.

Scopus - Author ID: 7003572964    Research Gate: Warren Cairns

Calì Federico Master’s degree in Marine Biology at the University of Padova; PhD student at the University of Bologna (FishMed-PhD).
Since 2015 he has been working on national fishery monitoring programs, within the EU-Data Collection Framework, funded by scholarships of Ancona National Research Council (CNR). From 2015 he also has been participating in marine research activities of the Padova University, at the Hydrobiological Station of Chioggia. His fields of interest are inherent to the biological life cycles of commercial fish species of the Mediterranean and the Antarctic areas (notothenioids). In particular, he investigated reproductive traits of these species thought histological analyses of gonads, age structure/growth cycle by means of otoliths’ readings and some trophic features using the stomach content analyses.
He collaborated in more than 10 scientific trawl surveys in Italian water and joined the 38th Italian expedition to Antarctica (2022/2023).

Google Scholar    Scopus - Author ID: 57192875066    Research Gate: Federico Calì

Carniel Sandro M. Sc. in Environmental Sciences, Ph.D. in Environmental Sciences (Oceanography), University of Venice.
Research Scientist at CNR since 1997, Head of Research at the CNR Institute of Polar Sciences, Venice, currently covers the office of Head of Research Division at the NATO STO CMRE in La Spezia. He taught classes at the University of Bologna, Ancona and Bocconi Milan, and was awarded the Office of Naval Research *Command Coin*, addressing the theme of oceans-climate interactions following a multi and inter-disciplinary approach. His main fields of interest deal with physical oceanography of coastal regions and open seas, and explore the relationships that may be linking it with the atmospheric, biologic and bottom counterpart.
The research activity is aiming at the understanding and numerical modelling of the roles of currents, wind and waves on the heat and salt transport in the oceans, and to their variability in the context of an evolving climate, reflecting also anthropic forcings. The paramount importance of the energy distribution between oceanic and atmospheric masses, and the amount of such an energy distributed along the water column, is the kernel of the research activity, tied to: biochemical and sedimentological aspects (associated transport of nutrients and sediments); renewable energies in maritime environment; unexploded ordnance at sea, and risks related to floodings and coastal erosion. Numerical tools adopted are state-of-the-art three-dimensional circulation models, coupled to models of wave generation and propagation, to non cohesive sediment transport modules and biogeochemical modules. Besides benefiting from satellite and remote sensed data used to validate numerical modeling tools, the research activities are characterized by sea-truth data acquired by means of oceanographic vessels, operating in relevant hot-spots particularly relevant in terms of global climate change. The use of CTD probes, wave buoys, current-meters, turbidimeters has been integrated by innovative tools and approaches such as Maritime Unmanned Systems (MUS), seismic oceanography, turbulence measurements via free-falling profilers and measurements of extreme waves using spectroscopic techniques.
Author and co-author of more than 120 papers published on ISI journals with Impact Factor, 2 CNR patents and 3 books. Member of the Editorial Board of the journals Scientific Reports (Nature group), Progress in Oceanography, Ocean Dynamics and Atmosphere.

   ResearchGate    Google Scholar

Caruso Gabriella Graduated in Biological Sciences, Specialist in Applied Microbiology, she has been a CNR researcher since 1994.
Her scientific interests focus on marine microbial ecology and the role of microorganisms in the decomposition processes of organic matter in Mediterranean and polar environments through enzymatic activity measures (aminopeptidase, glucosidase, phosphatase); the search for pathogenic bacteria (Escherichia coli, Vibrio spp.) by means of fluorescent antibody method and enzymatic assays; changes in physiological parameters (digestive enzymes, non-specific immunity) of marine Teleosts in response to stressors. Recent studies in extreme environments have explored the abundance and activity of the free-living heterotrophic bacterial community (UVASS, Svalbard, Arctic Project), present in permafrost or brines (National Antarctic Research Program projects-PNRA 2013/AZ1.05), of microbial biofilms over plastic substrates (PNRA16_00105), acting also as vectors of antibiotic resistance (PNRA 14_00090).
Member of the PhD School for Applied Hygiene - Univ. Messina (2006-2011) and of the Plankton (2000-2001; 2002-2003; 2010-2012; 2013-2015) and Aquaculture Committees (2004-2006; 2016-2018; 2019-2021) of the Italian Society of Marine Biology. Qualified as Full Professor of Ecology (2012-2020). P.I. and member of several research projects (PNRA, EU FP 7 PERSEUS, Marine Strategy, VECTOR, MIUR Cluster-Advanced Monitoring Systems), she has collaborated with the Institute of Hydrobiology-Wuhan (China), Univ. du Sud Toulon-France, CENPAT- Puerto Madryn (Argentina), CERTE-Soliman (Tunisia).
Co-author of over 350 scientific papers, she has a H index 19 (Scopus). Refeee (Publons) and member of Editorial Boards of OA international journals (J. Mar. Sci. Engin.-JMSE, MDPI; J. Coastal Life Medicine, Hainan Univ.; J. Clinical Microbiol. Biochem. Technol.- PEERTECHZ; The Open Fish Sci. J., The Open Mar. Biol. J., BENTHAM; J. Oceanogr. Mar. Res., LONGDOM; J. Ecosyst. Ecogr. OMICS).

Scopus - Author ID: 7102219836    ORCID    Scholar

Casula Marco CTER VI level from November 2014.
From 2014 to 2018 I worked as a technician at the CNR ISMAR Venice participating in numerous oceanographic campaigns and dealing with reagents, waste disposal, material orders and safety in laboratories. Since 2019 I have been a member of the Institute of Polar Sciences of the CNR, carrying out the following tasks:
- Laboratory technician and use of laboratory instruments;
- Collection, preparation and analysis of samples;
- Maintenance and repair of instruments;
- Preparation and transport of equipment for Arctic missions or mountain trips;
- Logistics Management Laboratories and Reagentaries;
- Instructor for orders on the electronic market;
- Appointment by Computer Protocol;
- Control and Technical Management White Rooms (Clean Rooms).

Cavaliere Alice She obtained a Bachelor's and Master's degree in Computer Engineering at the University of Florence and a Ph.D. in Information Engineering (nonlinear dynamics and complex systems) at the same University. She later worked as a post-doc fellow at the CNR Bioeconomy Institute. She currently holds the role of technologist at the Institute of Polar Sciences of the CNR, based in Bologna, collaborating on the data management and administration of the IT infrastructures of the NADC (National Antarctic Data Center) and IADC (Italian Arctic Data Center) projects. Thanks to experience in the field of data management and their analysis also through machine learning techniques, it helps researchers publish and share the data collected from research, making them compatible with modern standards and adhering to the principles of data FAIRness and Open Science.

Celli Giuditta Polar Science PhD candidate at the Ca’Foscari University of Venice since 2021, she holds a master’s degree with honours in Chemistry from the University of Venice. The overwintering working experience in Antarctica in 2019 allowed the deepening into polar and snow chemistry and field expertise.

For her PhD thesis she works on the photochemistry of halogens and mercury in superficial snow and Antarctic ice cores.

Cescon Paolo The research of Paolo Cescon is currently focused on three main areas:
- Climate impacts on natural and human systems.
- Heavy metal speciation in environmental matrices from areas subjected to various degrees of human activity.
- Chemical contamination on a planetary level.
He is an author of 170 scientific publications in qualified, high impact factor international journals, and has set up important collaborations with many international scientific institutions.
Previous appointments and activities
- Full Professor of Analytical Chemistry at Ca’ Foscari University of Venice
- Member of the Scientific Committee of the National Institute of Health
- National Coordinator of the Section “Chemical Contamination” of the National Program of Scientific Research in Antarctica (PNRA)
- Member of the Scientific Committee of the Ministry of the Environment
- Vice-Rector of Ca’ Foscari University of Venice
- Member of the National Scientific Commission of the PNRA
- Director of the national Centre for Environmental Chemistry and Technologies-CNR
- Director of the Institute for the Dynamics of Environmental Processes-CNR
- Dean of the Faculty of Mathematical, Physical, and Natural Sciences - Ca’ Foscari University of Venice
- Special Commissioner for the Italian Agricultural Research Council (CRA)

Cester Valentina Diploma of technical-tourist maturity. 1992-1998: research support activities at the Ca' Foscari University, Department of Environmental Sciences, with freelance work contracts. 1998-2011: permanent position, as technician, at the Ca' Foscari University, Department of Environmental Sciences.
She was assigned, by convention, to the Institute for the Dynamics of Environmental Processes of the CNR (IDPA), formerly Centre of Study on Chemistry and Technologies for the Environment. From 1 November 2011 employee CNR (following mobility between entities) at the Institute for the Dynamics of Environmental Processes (IDPA), profile C.T.E.R. - VI level. From 2004 to 2019 she assumed the role of Administrative Secretary of IDPA. In June 2019 she moved to the Institute of Polar Sciences (ISP) where she serves as Administrative Secretary.
In the first years of activity Valentina Cester has taken care of the logistic part of the expeditions in Antarctica relatively to the activities of the researchers of IDPA and of the group of Environmental Analytical Chemistry of the University Ca' Foscari. She has also played an active part in the organization of the National Conferences of the Environmental Contamination-PNRA Sector.

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