The ‘Blue Marble’, taken by NASA/Apollo 17 crew in 1972 The main activities of the thematic area Earth Observation (EO) and Polar Ecosystem Modeling include remote and proximal sensing, spatial analysis, thematic mapping, and geographic and environmental knowledge organization. The activity focuses on three main methodological pillars: remote and in situ observations, information organization, and representation by numerical and conceptual models. The Spegazzini Glacier (Los Glaciares National Park, Santa Cruz, Argentina, January 2010), together with the Upsala and the Perito Moreno Glaciers, feeds the Lago Argentino in the Los Glaciares National Park © Chiara Venier CNR-ISP The research of this thematic area focuses on the responses of polar ecosystems to changes in air and sea temperature, in polar ice caps, in sea level height, and in persistence and thickness of snowpack and ice, also through the comparisons of climate belts. Analyses also cover permafrost evolution, coastal erosion, accretion processes, release and segregation of climate-altering gases, biogeochemical cycles, and biodiversity. The observational methodologies aim to detect environmental and climate dynamics at different spatial and temporal scales by identifying and studying multiple essential variables and their biological and geophysical interactions by integrating information from different platforms. The continuous comparison allows the combination of spatial and ecological models with observations.


Example of hyeraricacal structure for the term "ice" in the thesaurus "SnowTerm" for the Cryosphere The team has a group dedicated to organizing multilingual terminological knowledge, thesauri, and metadata to support data description and environmental information, focusing on polar environments. The subject area develops, by Findable Accessible Interoperable Reusable (FAIR) principles, data chains and products to support the study of terrestrial, aquatic, and cryosphere systems and the development of interoperable GIS, thematic mapping, and operational services. Figure 1: the Spegazzini Glacier (Los Glaciares National Park, Santa Cruz, Argentina, January 2010), together with the Upsala and the Perito Moreno Glaciers, feeds the Lago Argentino in the Los Glaciares National Park, in this photo, the calving-type glacier front is visible, characterized by abundant seracs, which can reach 135 m in height.


Main ERC Panels:
• LS8 - Environmental Biology, Ecology and Evolution
• PE10 - Earth System Science
• SH7 - Human Mobility, Environment, and Space
• SH2 - Institutions, Values, Environment and Space
BioGeoAlbedo - Bio-Geo Albedo feedback on the margins of the Antarctic Ice Sheet
CAIAC - oCean Atmosphere Interactions in the Antarctic regions and Convergence latitude
CASSANDRA - AdvanCing knowledge on the present Arctic Ocean by chemical-phySical, biogeochemical and biological obServAtioNs to preDict the futuRe chAnges
CRASI - Characterization of Radiative-chemical processes at the Air/Snow Interface
ECOClimate - Nutrient cycling, Ecosystem functioning and Climate change in Arctic lake ecosystems
HYDROCOASTAL - Coastal ocean and inland water altimetry
iSCORE - Infrastructure on Snow COver Reflectance and sEasonality
ITINERIS - Italian Integrated Environmental Research Infrastructures System
PNRR NBFC Spoke 1 - National Biodiversity Future Center
Referents: Francesco De Biasio, Francesco Filiciotto, Emiliana Valentini, Matteo Zucchetta
Contacts: info-observation AT


ministero Ministero degli Affari Esteri e della Cooperazione Internazionale
L'Italia e l’Artico
L’Italia e l’Antartide

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