Carniel Sandro

Carniel Sandro M. Sc. in Environmental Sciences, Ph.D. in Environmental Sciences (Oceanography), University of Venice.
Research Scientist at CNR since 1997, Head of Research at the CNR Institute of Polar Sciences, Venice, currently covers the office of Head of Research Division at the NATO STO CMRE in La Spezia. He taught classes at the University of Bologna, Ancona and Bocconi Milan, and was awarded the Office of Naval Research *Command Coin*, addressing the theme of oceans-climate interactions following a multi and inter-disciplinary approach. His main fields of interest deal with physical oceanography of coastal regions and open seas, and explore the relationships that may be linking it with the atmospheric, biologic and bottom counterpart.
The research activity is aiming at the understanding and numerical modelling of the roles of currents, wind and waves on the heat and salt transport in the oceans, and to their variability in the context of an evolving climate, reflecting also anthropic forcings. The paramount importance of the energy distribution between oceanic and atmospheric masses, and the amount of such an energy distributed along the water column, is the kernel of the research activity, tied to: biochemical and sedimentological aspects (associated transport of nutrients and sediments); renewable energies in maritime environment; unexploded ordnance at sea, and risks related to floodings and coastal erosion. Numerical tools adopted are state-of-the-art three-dimensional circulation models, coupled to models of wave generation and propagation, to non cohesive sediment transport modules and biogeochemical modules. Besides benefiting from satellite and remote sensed data used to validate numerical modeling tools, the research activities are characterized by sea-truth data acquired by means of oceanographic vessels, operating in relevant hot-spots particularly relevant in terms of global climate change. The use of CTD probes, wave buoys, current-meters, turbidimeters has been integrated by innovative tools and approaches such as Maritime Unmanned Systems (MUS), seismic oceanography, turbulence measurements via free-falling profilers and measurements of extreme waves using spectroscopic techniques.
Author and co-author of more than 120 papers published on ISI journals with Impact Factor, 2 CNR patents and 3 books. Member of the Editorial Board of the journals Scientific Reports (Nature group), Progress in Oceanography, Ocean Dynamics and Atmosphere.

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